Globalized Islam : The Search for a New Ummah

Globalized Islam : The Search for a New Ummah


The spread of Islam around the globe has blurred the connection between a religion, a specific society, and a territory. One-third of the world's Muslims now live as members of a minority. At the heart of this development is, on the one hand, the voluntary settlement of Muslims in Western societies and, on the other, the pervasiveness and influence of Western cultural models and social norms. The revival of Islam among Muslim populations in the last twenty years is often wrongly perceived as a backlash against westernization rather than as one of its consequences. Neofundamentalism has been gaining ground among a rootless Muslim youth-particularly among the second- and third-generation migrants in the West-and this phenomenon is feeding new forms of radicalism, ranging from support for Al Qaeda to the outright rejection of integration into Western society. In this brilliant exegesis of the movement of Islam beyond traditional borders and its unwitting westernization, Olivier Roy argues that Islamic revival, or "re-Islamization," results from the efforts of westernized Muslims to assert their identity in a non-Muslim context.
A schism has emerged between mainstream Islamist movements in the Muslim world-including Hamas of Palestine and Hezbollah of Lebanon-and the uprooted militants who strive to establish an imaginary ummah, or Muslim community, not embedded in any particular society or territory. Roy provides a detailed comparison of these transnational movements, whether peaceful, like Tablighi Jama'at and the Islamic brotherhoods, or violent, like Al Qaeda. He shows how neofundamentalism acknowledges without nostalgia the loss of pristine cultures, constructing instead a universal religious identity that transcends the very notion of culture. Thus contemporary Islamic fundamentalism is not a single-note reaction against westernization but a product and an agent of the complex forces of globalization.

Similar Books

ISBN 10: 0231141025
ISBN 13: 9780231141024

01 Aug 2007
Olivier Roy

ISBN 10: 0143034669
ISBN 13: 9780143034667

08 Apr 2005
Steve Coll

ISBN 10: 0415579910
ISBN 13: 9780415579919

10 Oct 2010
Sue Palmer

ISBN 10: 0521732360
ISBN 13: 9780521732369

30 Sep 2013
Thomas Hegghammer

ISBN 10: 0674010906
ISBN 13: 9780674010901

31 Mar 2003
Gilles Kepel

ISBN 10: 0674291417
ISBN 13: 9780674291416

18 Sep 1998
Olivier Roy

ISBN 10: 0674034740
ISBN 13: 9780674034747

29 Apr 2010
Pascale Ghazaleh

ISBN 10: 019021726X
ISBN 13: 9780190217266

22 Oct 2015
Daniel Byman

ISBN 10: 0743234952
ISBN 13: 9780743234955

04 Jun 2002

ISBN 10: 184774169X
ISBN 13: 9781847741691

05 Apr 2022
Abd al-Halim Abu Shuqqah

ISBN 10: 1586488139
ISBN 13: 9781586488130

27 Apr 2010
Tamim Ansary

ISBN 10: 0743288343
ISBN 13: 9780743288347

01 Apr 2008
Ayaan Hirsi Ali